Are there any good arguments against using goal-line technology in football?

Yesterday I wrote a post for the Philosophy and Sport blog about Sepp Blatter’s apology following Frank Lampard’s disallowed goal in the World Cup. This is despite the strong rejection by FIFA to implement goal-line technology only months before. This rejection comprises of the following seven reasons:

  1. So that the game is the same whether it is played by kids in a local park or whether it is on the international stage.
  2. Even with technology, humans have to make the final decision which could still prove controversial and therefore wouldn’t solve any problems.
  3. Fans like to have a debate over the controversial decisions.
  4. It will undermine the quality of the referees (as they would be able to abdicate responsibility for making correct decisions)
  5. The technology is too expensive
  6. Testing the effectiveness of the technology and deciding which technology to use is expensive
  7. The dynamics and rhythm of the game: a scoring counter-attack could no longer happen if play was stopped to for a replay of events.

All of these reasons seem to be bad ones; either inconsistent with other facts or based on flawed logic. I will deal with each of them in turn.

1. That the game should be the same where-ever it is played.

    • Presumably this reason is only related to ‘official’ games and not a kick around in the park with one goal made of jumpers, seven players and no referee.
    • If it is only related to ‘official’ games then there are still disparities between the quality of the pitch, the quality of the ball, the quality of the referee and whether there are any line-judges at all. Games played on the Downs in a Sunday league are not going to be standardized to games played in the World Cup despite the best intentions of Sepp Blatter and his FIFA colleagues.

2. Implementing the technology would be pointless as it wouldn’t solve the problem of human error.

    • This argument is ridiculously flawed and is equivalent to saying: installing burglar alarms will never completely stop burglaries happening so there’s no point in installing them in the first place. Just because crime prevention measures won’t stop all crime, it doesn’t mean that it won’t reduce crime. In the same vein, even though there will on occasion still be difficult judgements to make, such technology will make (obviously) bad decisions less likely.

3. Fans like to debate controversial decisions after the event.

    • For some reason, this is the one that most of my students give when I set them an exam question on this topic.
    • Yes, one of the compelling aspects of sport is the reflection on games but arguably this is a question of justice. As anyone who has been subject to frequently bad or biased decisions during a match knows, it gets damned frustrating and demoralising. One of the fundamental values of sport is that it is supposed to be conducted on a ‘level playing field’ where all things are equal except the skill of the individual players.
    • This is all the more true when it is isn’t just about the game itself but has other consequences on business, finance and the future prospect of individual players.
    • To say that it enlivens the pub conversation after the match is just a cop-out.

4. Undermining the quality of referees.

    • The argument goes something like: if we use this technology, referees will not have to make difficult decisions and therefore the standard of the referees will inevitably be reduced.
    • First, this argument is inconsistent with the one they give in reason 2 where they maintain that difficult decisions will still have to be made despite the use of technology.
    • Second, why implementing goal-line technology would lead to a reduction in the overall standard of the referee is not clear. Are FIFA supposing that referees will just become lazy and leave all debatable decisions to the fourth official? This one was one of the fears that surrounded the use of Hawkeye by cricket umpires: in that it would reduce the umpire to the status of counting men and coat stands (incidentally, their original status at the origins of the game). But such a worry proved to be unfounded as umpires see the technology as an assistance to making their decisions and are not as a way to undermine their authority and judgement.

5. The expense of implementing the technology.

    • This reason seems incredulous considering football is the richest sport in the world and when it is used by other (less financially viable) sports that haven’t gone bankrupt. If players are being paid multi-million pounds per year and clubs are worth billions, it isn’t even worth giving word space to this argument. If FIFA are putting profits before sporting justice then it indicates what kind of moral authority it is.

6. The expense of testing the technology.

    • I repeat my comments for point 5.
    • Arguably, the expense for testing the equipment would have been much greater for those sports that first implemented it, such as American Football and Tennis. As FIFA would be the last in a long list of sports to use it, it wouldn’t be too difficult or expensive to review the way this technology has been effectively used in other sports.

7. It would disrupt the flow of the game.

    • This, to me, appears to be the most reasonable of reasons that FIFA gives for not implementing the technology. One could imagine a situation where it isn’t clear whether a goal has occurred, play stops, the referee goes to the fourth official who judges that it wasn’t a goal and then play restarts from a goal kick. However, had play continued from the first shot at goal, a counter attack could have taken place and a goal could have been scored at the other end. Well yes, this could have been a possibility but the game is full of ‘what-ifs’. ‘What if’ the ball hadn’t been kicked off the pitch for the player down injured? ‘What if’ the referee had given a yellow card as well as a free-kick? ‘What if’ one the players hadn’t come down with food poisoning?
    • The game wouldn’t have to be stopped straight away anyway. Let’s use an imaginary Lampard example. Lampard strikes, the ball appears to go over the line but no official has seen it. Play goes on, the Germans counter-attack and score at the other end. At this point the game has stopped anyway. The referee then consults with the fourth official who looks at the replay and awards Lampard’s goal. Play resumes from the centre sport and justice is done.
    • Would it really disrupt the game unduly to use technology in this way? I doubt it.

These are my responses to FIFA’s reasons. All of them can be dismissed and therefore there seems to be no good argument against the use of goal-line technology in football. Anyone disagree? Comments welcome.

8 thoughts on “Are there any good arguments against using goal-line technology in football?

  1. Sorry to be boring, but I totally agree with your analysis, rationally.

    However I think there’s another factor here, an emotional/cultural one. I don’t think it overlaps with any of your seven, except perhaps number 3:

    It’s just not part of the culture/tradition/history of the game.

    That’s the reason I have for not supporting the introduction of video replays. But once you start using tradition as a criterion, you’ll end up having to reverse a lot of stuff! Which would be interesting…

  2. I can’t really agree with this as a counter-argument against goal-line technology in football. Surely culture and tradition are important in other sports like tennis and cricket which have already embraced similar technology. I don’t think that introduction of technology has detracted from the cultural/traditional appeal of these sports.

    Or is there some special or sacred aspect of football that would be lost if goal-line technology were to be used to determine if the ball has crossed the line?

    I think that sporting justice needs to be considered first here.

    • Thanks Nick,

      Yes I agree with you that ‘culture / tradition’ is part of other sports too but I do think there is something slightly particular about football in that it has a much deeper and broader history in being one of the first organised sports that has complex rules (in contrast to the ancient sports of running, jumping throwing etc.) that has its roots in ‘working class’ society. For this reason, there seems to be much more partisanship in football than in say tennis or cricket (though cricket may be as partisan in West Asia or the West Indies for instance).

      My intuition on this seems to be that resistance to goal-line technology stems from an irrational romanticism about the keeping the purity of the game. Hence why there is often a reaction to other forms of ‘un-natural’ technology. (Saying that, no one seems to complain about developments in boot technology or fitness testing technology but I’ll leave that discussion for another time).

      • “irrational romanticism”

        is there any other kind 😉 ?

        I think romanticism about tradition is fine as long as one admits it’s inherently irrational… as I conceded, I think your initial analysis was quite correct, rationally… but I wanted to raise the irrational point. Being quite happy to be irrational, I’d happily reverse all sorts of things about the way professional sports are conducted.

        Quite where a philosopher of sport should stand on such irrational claims is an interesting metaphilosophical question… is philosophy necessarily about the application of rationality?

  3. Goal line Technology.Graham Poll about stupid and stubborn FIFA.
    Legendary ex-international and premiership referee Graham Poll answers questions about Goal line Technology.


    Goal-Line Technology.Ridiculous FIFA. Frank Lampard’s Disallowed Goal – RTE Sport

  4. How about the argument that we don’t really need it? Looking through last season’s premier league fixtures, there were two goals that crossed the line that weren’t given. One was for Man Utd, runaway champions, in a match they won anyway. The other was for Everton in a 2-2 draw against Newcastle. Had that goal stood and Everton gone on to win, neither team’s position would have been affected. These incidents occur so infrequently that it just seems a waste of time installing all this new technology.

    • Great comment, thanks. Yes, it a certain extent I agree with you and there is a theory that ‘it all evens out in the end’ with decisions. I think in league situations this is probably true, the problem is with cup or knockout competitions where one decision could have a huge effect on the entire outcome. Is it worth the money invested? I’m not sure it is but I expect that those on the end of a bad decision might think so.

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